Vocabulary: The Most Common Spanish Words

These words represent the 175 most common Spanish words as listed in the book Frecuencias del español: Diccionario de estudios léxicos y morfológicos by Ramón Almela, et al..

Within each grammatical category below, these words are listed in order by frequency. To learn the 100 most common Spanish words, just learn the words in the left column of each category.

You can find these same words in alphabetical order at Glossary: The Most Common Spanish Words, where you can also download a printable one-page version of the glossary.

To download a printable one-page list of these words in frequency order, without their translations—de, la, que, y, el, en, a, los, se, no, un, las,...—click on the link of your choice here:

Most common Spanish words (.doc, 32kb)
Most common Spanish words (.pdf, 44kb)

Find a glossary of about 100 words to help you read real Spanish-language articles—and learn even more Spanish—at the Spanish Pronto Reading Practice.

For more Spanish information and resources, see the Spanish Pronto! main page.


de of, from, by
la the
el the
a to, at
los the
un a, an, one
las the
del of the, from the, by the
una a, an, one
al to the, at the
dos two
uno one
cada each
tres three
unos some, a few
que that, who, which, than
y and
o or
como as, like
pero but
si if
porque because
cuando when
ni nor, neither
donde where
e and
aunque although, even though
sino but, except
mientras while
en in, on, into
por through, for (means), along, by
con with
para in order to, for (ends)
sin without
sobre about, above, on top of
entre between, among
hasta until
desde from, since
durante during, for (time)
contra against
hacia toward
según according to

se himself, herself, itself,
yourself, yourselves, themselves
each other
lo it, that
su his, her, your
me (to) me
le (to) him, her, you
sus his, her, your, their
yo I
qué what(?)
mi my
nos (to) us, ourselves
te (to) you
eso that
él he, him
nada nothing
esto this
ella she, her
usted you
cómo how(?)
les (to) them, you
algo something
ellos they, them
nosotros we, us
tu your
no no, not
más more
ya already, now, soon
muy very
también also
así so, thus, like this,
like that
bien well
sólo (solamente) only
ahora now
siempre always
tan so
entonces then
después after, later
menos less
aquí here
antes before, earlier
hoy today
luego then, later
además besides, in addition
casi almost
nunca never

es is, are
ha has, have
son are
está is, are
hay there is, there are
ser to be
era was, were
había there was, there were
tiene has, have
fue was, were
puede can
han have
hacer to make, to do
hace make(s), do(es)
decir to say
va go(es)
estaba was, were
sea (might) be
ver to see
están are
sido been
dijo said
he I have
creo I believe
tienen have
tenía had
dice says, say
vamos we go, we are going
tener to have
parece seems, seem
poder to be able to
pueden can
este this
todo all
esta this
todos all, everyone
ese that
mismo same
otro other, another
esa that
bueno good
otra other, another
tanto so much
otros other, others
poco little (not much)
mucho much
gran great, big
estos these
general general
todas all, everyone
mayor bigger, older
mejor better
toda all
tal such
otras other, others
estas these
primera first
algunos some

los años years
la vez time (una vez = once)
la parte part
la vida life
el tiempo time, weather
el día day
el mundo world
el estado state
el gobierno government
la casa house
el hombre man
el país country
la forma way
el año year
el caso case
el hecho fact
el momento moment
las cosas things
España Spain
el trabajo work
los días days
la política policy, politics
las veces times
la gente people
el lugar place
el ejemplo example
las personas people
la mujer woman
pues "well,"

For more Spanish information and resources, see the Spanish Pronto! main page.

The following books are the best of their kind: The Collins Spanish Unabridged Dictionary is all the Spanish-English/English-Spanish Dictionary you will ever need, but at over 6 pounds, it is quite heavy. English Grammar for Students of Spanish and The Big Red Book of Spanish Verbs are recommended for beginners. Breaking Out of Beginner’s Spanish is for intermediate students. The Ultimate Spanish Phrase Finder is great for intermediate or advanced students, and even teachers and translators. A New Reference Grammar of Modern Spanish and the Diccionario Clave will be most helpful to advanced students and teachers (and virtually incomprehensible to meaningless for beginners).

Reviews for all of these helpful books (except The Big Red Book of Spanish Verbs) can be found at http://www.spanishpronto.com/spanishpronto/spanishtools.html#bibliography.

Please mail comments or suggestions, or questions about Spanish, to: spanishpronto@earthlink.net

Copyright 1998-2014
Revised -- 2014-04-05