Vocabulary: The Most Common Spanish Words

This is a list of the 175 most common Spanish words. For ease of learning, they are grouped into grammatical categories, and then in frequency order. The 100 most common Spanish words are the ones appearing in the left column of each category.

A printable one-page list of these words in frequency order without their translations—"01-25: de, la, que, y, el, en, a, los, se, no, un, las, "—can be downloaded here: (top175spanishwords.doc, 34kb) or (top175spanishwords.pdf, 64kb)

These same words in alphabetical order with their translations are at Glossary: The Most Common Spanish Words, where you can also download a printable one-page version of the glossary.

For more Spanish information and resources, see the Spanish Pronto! main page.


[Top][Articles][Conjunctions][Prepositions][Pronouns][Adverbs][Verbs][Adjectives][Nouns][Interjections]

ARTICLES (etc.)
de  of, from, by
la  the
el  the
a  to, at
los  the
un  a, an, one
las  the
del  of the, from the, by the
una  a, an, one
al  to the, at the
dos  two
uno  one
cada  each
tres  three
unos  some, a few
CONJUNCTIONS
que  that, who, which, than
y  and
o  or
como  as, like
pero  but
si  if
porque  because
cuando  when
ni  nor, neither
donde  where
e  and
aunque  although, even though
sino  but, except
mientras  while
 
PREPOSITIONS
en  in, on, into
por  through, for (means), along, by
con  with
para  in order to, for (ends)
sin  without
sobre  about, above, on top of
entre  between, among
hasta  until
desde  from, since
durante  during, for (time)
contra  against
hacia  toward
según  according to


[Top][Articles][Conjunctions][Prepositions][Pronouns][Adverbs][Verbs][Adjectives][Nouns][Interjections]
PRONOUNS
se  himself, herself, itself,
yourself, yourselves, themselves
each other
lo  it, that
su  his, her, your
me  (to) me
le  (to) him, her, you
sus  his, her, your, their
yo  I
qué  what(?)
mi  my
nos  (to) us, ourselves
te  (to) you
eso  that
él  he, him
nada  nothing
esto  this
ella  she, her
usted  you
cómo  how(?)
les  (to) them, you
algo  something
ellos  they, them
 me
nosotros  we, us
tu  your
ADVERBS
no  no, not
más  more
ya  already, now, soon
muy  very
también  also
 yes
así  so, thus, like this,
like that
bien  well
solo (solamente)  only
ahora  now
siempre  always
tan  so
entonces  then
después  after, later
menos  less
aquí  here
antes  before, earlier
hoy  today
luego  then, later
además  besides, in addition
casi  almost
nunca  never


[Top][Articles][Conjunctions][Prepositions][Pronouns][Adverbs][Verbs][Adjectives][Nouns][Interjections]
VERBS
es  is, are
ha  has, have
son  are
está  is, are
hay  there is, there are
ser  to be
era  was, were
había  there was, there were
tiene  has, have
fue  was, were
puede  can
han  have
hacer  to make, to do
hace  make(s), do(es)
decir  to say
va  go(es)
estaba  was, were
sea  (might) be
ver  to see
están  are
sido  been
dijo  said
he  I have
creo  I believe
tienen  have
tenía  had
dice  says, say
vamos  we go, we are going
tener  to have
parece  seems, seem
poder  to be able to
pueden  can
ADJECTIVES
este  this
todo  all
esta  this
todos  all, everyone
ese  that
mismo  same
otro  other, another
esa  that
bueno  good
otra  other, another
tanto  so much
otros  other, others
poco  little (not much)
mucho  much
gran  great, big
estos  these
general  general
todas  all, everyone
mayor  bigger, older
mejor  better
toda  all
tal  such
otras  other, others
estas  these
primera  first
algunos  some


[Top][Articles][Conjunctions][Prepositions][Pronouns][Adverbs][Verbs][Adjectives][Nouns][Interjections]
NOUNS
los años  years
la vez  time (una vez = once)
la parte  part
la vida  life
el tiempo  time, weather
el día  day
el mundo  world
el estado  state
el gobierno  government
la casa  house
el hombre  man
el país  country
la forma  way
el año  year
el caso  case
el hecho  fact
el momento  moment
las cosas  things
España  Spain
el trabajo  work
los días  days
la política  policy, politics
las veces  times
la gente  people
el lugar  place
el ejemplo  example
las personas  people
la mujer  woman
INTERJECTIONS
pues "well,"
 


The words on this page represent the 175 most common Spanish words as listed in the book Frecuencias del español: Diccionario de estudios léxicos y morfológicos by Ramón Almela, et al..


For more Spanish information and resources, see the Spanish Pronto! main page.


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Revised -- 2014-09-23