Glossary: The Most Common Spanish Words

This page lists the 175 most common Spanish words in alphabetical order.

A printable one-page version of this glossary is available here:

Spanish Glossary (.doc, 36kb)
Spanish Glossary (.pdf, 44kb)

The same words are organized into grammatical categories at Vocabulary: The Most Common Spanish Words, for ease of learning. A printable one-page list of these words in frequency order, without their translations—de, la, que, y, el, en, a, los, se, no, un, las,...—is also available there.

Find a glossary of about 100 words to help you read real Spanish-language articles—and learn even more Spanish—at the Spanish Pronto Reading Practice.

For more Spanish information and resources, see the Spanish Pronto! main page.


a to, at
además besides, in addition
ahora now
al to the, at the
algo something
algunos some
antes before, earlier
año year
años years
aquí here
así so, thus, like this,
like that
aunque although, even though

bien well
bueno good

cada each
casa house
casi almost
caso case
como as, like
cómo how(?)
con with
contra against
cosas things
creo I believe
cuando when

de of, from, by
decir to say
del of the, from the, by the
desde from, since
después after, later
día day
días days
dice says, say
dijo said
donde where
dos two
durante during, for (time)

e and
ejemplo example
el the
él he, him
ella she, her
ellos they, them
en in, on, into

entonces then
entre between, among
era was, were
es is, are
esa that
ese that
eso that
España Spain
esta this
está is, are
estaba was, were
estado state
están are
estas these
este this
esto this
estos these

forma way
fue was, were

general general
gente people
gobierno government
gran great, big

ha has, have
había there was, there were
hace make(s), do(es)
hacer to make, to do
hacia toward
han have
hasta until
hay there is, there are
he I have
hecho fact
hombre man
hoy today

la the
las the
le (to) him, her, you
les (to) them, you
lo it, that
los the
luego then, later
lugar place

más more

mayor bigger, older
me (to) me
mejor better
menos less
mi my
me
mientras while
mismo same
momento moment
mucho much
mujer woman
mundo world
muy very

nada nothing
ni nor, neither
no no, not
nos (to) us, ourselves
nosotros we, us
nunca never

o or
otra other, another
otras other, others
otro other, another
otros other, others

país country
para in order to, for (ends)
parece seems, seem
parte part
pero but
personas people
poco little (not much)
poder to be able to
política policy, politics
por through, for (means), along, by
porque because
primera first
puede can
pueden can
pues "well,"

que that, who, which, than
qué what(?)

se himself, herself, itself,
yourself, yourselves, themselves
each other

sea (might) be
según according to
ser to be
si if
yes
sido been
siempre always
sin without
sino but, except
sobre about, above, on top of
sólo (solamente) only
son are
su his, her, its, your, their
sus his, her, its, your, their

tal such
también also
tan so
tanto so much
te (to) you
tener to have
tenía had
tiempo time, weather
tiene has, have
tienen have
toda all
todas all, everyone
todo all
todos all, everyone
trabajo work
tres three
tu your

un a, an, one
una a, an, one
unoone
unos some, a few
usted you

va go(es)
vamos we go, we are going
veces times
ver to see
vez time (una vez = once)
vida life

y and
ya already, now, soon
yo I


For more Spanish information and resources, see the Spanish Pronto! main page.


The following books are the best of their kind: The Collins Spanish Unabridged Dictionary is all the Spanish-English/English-Spanish Dictionary you will ever need, but at over 6 pounds, it is quite heavy. English Grammar for Students of Spanish and The Big Red Book of Spanish Verbs are recommended for beginners. Breaking Out of Beginner’s Spanish is for intermediate students. The Ultimate Spanish Phrase Finder is great for intermediate or advanced students, and even teachers and translators. A New Reference Grammar of Modern Spanish and the Diccionario Clave will be most helpful to advanced students and teachers (and virtually incomprehensible to meaningless for beginners).

Reviews for these helpful books (except The Big Red Book of Spanish Verbs) can be found at http://www.spanishpronto.com/spanishpronto/spanishtools.html#bibliography.


Please mail comments or suggestions, or questions about Spanish, to: spanishpronto@earthlink.net

URL:http://www.spanishpronto.com/spanishpronto/spanishglossary.html
Copyright 1998-2014
Revised -- 2014-04-05